Cranfield is situated about 50 miles north of London, between junctions 13 and 14 and to the east of the M1 motorway, in the County of Bedfordshire. Bedford is 9 miles to the east of Cranfield and Milton Keynes is 6 miles to the west. The north of the village joins on to Cranfield University and Airfield and the other three sides are surrounded by farmland with good countryside views as the village is built on a hill.
View the street map of Cranfield
There has been a village here since Saxon times. The Saxon word field means a clearing in a forest so Cranfield means a clearing occupied by Cranes. The village is still ringed by woods which were probably part of the original forest. Cranfield was mentioned in the Doomsday book.
The church of St Peter and St Paul Cranfield: The oldest part of the village church was built in the Norman period, and enlarged in the 13th Century.
In the early 1930's the Royal Air Force built a training establishment which took a lot of land from the village including two farms. After the 2nd World war the training establishment became the Cranfield Institute of Technology which is now known as Cranfield University.
There are two schools in Cranfield, the Lower School and Holywell Middle School. The older children travel 4 miles by bus to Wootton Upper School. The Middle School takes its name from the Holy Well that it is built near, an ancient well said to have properties to cure sore eyes. This well can still be seen behind the village park.